Earlier this month, in the tech that is slush in Helsinki, this editor had the opportunity to sit down with Sanna Marin, the popular former prime minister of Finland who became known internationally for socializing with friends, but whose accomplishments in office are far more significant, including successfully pushing Finland to join NATO to better protect the country from its neighbor Russia after its invasion of Ukraine.

Marin, who opted out of Finnish politics in September, works today at the Tony Blair Institute as a strategic counselor; she is also working on a startup with one of her longtime political advisors. Still, based on the crowd that is rapturous Marin received during our discussion at Slush, it is very easy to imagine her ultimate go back to the governmental arena.

She performedn’t rule it during our sit-down. Nevertheless, we invested far more time speaking about exactly what Russia’s violence indicates for all of those other globe, the reason why ladies should much more easily trust on their own in roles of energy while the claims and perils of AI — and exactly what lawmakers must do about any of it. Listed here are excerpts from that talk, modified gently for clarity and length.

In late 2019, you took on a job that’s typically the culmination of a career that is long public-service and you also took it in fairly very early [at age 34]. That which was it want to be pushed into that place?

Well, needless to say, once you just take that type or kind of position or job, you’re never fully prepared. You learn what the job is, so it’s a leap of faith when you do the work, then. In Finland, we’ve had a couple of feminine ministers that are prime but if we look globally, the situation isn’t very good. We have 193 countries in the UN and only 13 of them are led by women, so the global globe is not really equal [when it comes to] management and it also never ever happens to be. We just wish we will dsicover much more leadership that is female the world in the future.

We’re sitting here in front of a very big audience of tech founders who are trying to knock down walls and glass that is also shatter. What’s your advice in their mind?

My primary advice would be to trust your self. Rely on your self. Then think, ‘Maybe I am capable if you’re in a position where you are able to take a leadership position. Maybe I can do this.’ Especially women, many times they question themselves. Are they ready for that job? Are they good enough? Can they do everything perfectly? Men don’t think like that. They think that ‘Yeah, I’m better. I’m the one that is best to do the job.’ I do believe ladies additionally require that mindset and the support is needed by them and to be encouraged to take risks and leadership positions, because women are good leaders. And because you are good and you are capable if you’re at that point where you can take that position, it’s. Therefore do it.

You Went through a complete lot as PM. Soon after you were elected, COVID took hold of the world. Last year, Russia invaded Ukraine. You have a very long and relationship that is complicated Russia. You’ve got a rather border that is long Russia. Can you take us back to that day when you heard the news [of the invasion] and what was going through your mind?(like it was yesterday, because we knew by then that it was probable that Russia would attack Ukraine*) I can remember vividly. Through that

summertime, practically half 12 months previously and throughout that fall that is whole Russia, for example, slowed energy flows to Europe to lessen different countries’ storage, and thus, Russia could use energy as a weapon against Europe later on. Russia also put many troops near the border that is ukrainian saying it had been a drill plus they wouldn’t attack. Today we understand which was a lie. Numerous frontrunners had been in touch with Putin, searching for diplomatic, calm paths out from the scenario prior to the attack that is full, and he lies to everyone. Now, we have to learn from that. I have said on many stages that Western countries, democratic countries everywhere globally, should stop being naïve. We should wake up to authoritarian regimes and* that is( they work and discover the whole world and their particular reasoning is extremely distinctive from the democratic nations. We believed in Russia’s situation that because it would be so costly and so stupid to start a war because we have close economic and business ties with Russia that those connections could secure peace. Because it is stupid. It’s illogical, from our perspective. But countries that are authoritarian think like this. Therefore it performedn’t avoid such a thing.[recognize that’s how]You’ve talked before of people’s naivete with regards to coping with authoritarian governing bodies, including you believe that autonomy is also important as it relates to tech, where. I’ve heard you express concern about Europe’s reliance that is broad potato chips from Asia, as an example. Exactly how could you speed Finland’s development about this front side?

Finland has been doing very well in comparison to a great many other countries . . . Whenever we have a look at technology, the essential thing that is important to invest in education from early childhood to universities

R&D and new innovations . . . We agreed in Finland that we are aiming to raise our R&D funding to up to 4% of our GDP by the year 2030, which is actually a very goal that is ambitious . . but I’m an optimist and I also wish to think that technology can in fact assist us in resolving the top dilemmas into the future, like environment modification, lack of biodiversity, pandemics along with other problems that are critical. So we need technical solutions. We need innovation. And we need to make sure that we also have the platforms and the will to encourage building that. . .[and to invest heavily in]How would you grade the Commission that is european’s?

In various ways, the specific situation in Ukraine has actually deepened the connection between European countries therefore the shows also the uk. European countries all together has actually a fantastic part in creating yes it comes to big tech and the development of AI that we have good rules internationally when. So we need ethical rules that every national nation in the field should or need to follow. I’m able to see lots of dangers in the event that European Commission or any other legislative bodies don’t work aided by the business owners or sector that is private because the development of new technologies is so fast, so cooperation is key. And I would like to see more cooperation and interaction between personal and community.

We’re currently witnessing plenty great from AI with regards to healthcare and training. We’re additionally hearing more about dangers to mankind. You are known by me’ve been excited about AI for some time. Have you changed your view about its potential?

Every technology — everything that is new with dangers. Often there is a side that is negative everything. But there is also a side that is positive and that is why I wish to see more discussion amongst the people that are producing technology while the legislative those who are producing the principles for those technologies . . . I love the work-life balance in Finland, and I also love that there’s some aversion to outsize wealth, the very extreme opposite of which we see in the U.S. and especially in the Bay Area, where people tend to value themselves based on how much money they make so we can make sure that there are more positive sides than negative ones. I do wonder if that is a gating factor to ambition here or to attracting and entrepreneurs that are retaining

It’s essential you have stability inside your life. Then you will burn out if you only work, you can work very hard for a certain period of time, but. I think we should also encourage ambition but

have free time they can invest making use of their household. In reality, we revived the leave that is parental in Finland [ensure people] I led the government to ensure more time is given to fathers to spend with their small children, while also [when] for mothers to build their careers. I haven’t ever met a father who has said, he or she was small,’ right‘ I really regret spending time with my kid when? No one previously claims that. The period far from work offers men and women point of view.[making it more possible]You’re today a consultant that is political for the Tony Blair Institute. What do you make of the characterization of TBI as the ‘McKinsey to world leaders’?

Well,

and I used to do this, working in almost 40 countries globally, advising governments, advising heads of states on different matters. Of course, it varies from country to country whether it’s to do with agriculture, technology or many other things, and my job [my longtime advisor Tuulia Pitkänen] is to [at TBI] advise heads of state and governments that are also different particular dilemmas. You realize, if you are for the reason that place of management, leading a national country, nobody really understands that. You cannot read it in a written book, you need to encounter it. So frontrunners require that type or kind of interaction — to speak with people who really know the job and how hard it is and all the factors that you have to consider doing that job. So that’s my job there. But I also do many other things like speaking at different events and interacting with people. I still want to change the world. I haven’t lost my passion about the issues [similarly] politics in the place that is first. We have dozens of interests, however now We have needless to say even more freedom to accomplish other items and I’m open in their mind.[that compelled me to enter into]You had been therefore preferred as a minister that is prime. You’re also still very early in your career. Are you interested in going back into politics at some true point?

I have actuallyn’t stated that i’d back n’t ever go. Of course, it’s a possibility. Someday, I might find that passion to pursue a career that is political once again. But also for today, I’m something that is doing. And I believe you should always close some doors to open ones that are new. Shutting some doorways, performing something different, finding brand new routes worked really for me personally thus far. Therefore I not have had a five-year or career that is 10-year or any plan of the sort. I believe opportunities come to you, and then they are taken by you or perhaps not. You can pick. But my guidance is maybe not plan an excessive amount of your lifetime because life is obviously a mystery plus it’s constantly unidentified and that is why it is therefore interesting.

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